We all love Lambswool, its hard to Image the world without our old favourite the knitted Lambswool Cardigan, we all love wearing Lambswool sweaters and feeling snug and warm when we have a nice, soft to the touch, Lambswool garment on our backs.
Natural fibres like Lambswool and wool are both highly durable and environmentally friendly, but, Lambswool and wool cardigans and sweaters may however be negatively affected by some components in heavy-duty washing powders if incorrectly treated in laundering. This is not to say that Lambswool and wool is in any way weak or inferior, merely that as a natural material, like skin or hair, it can be harmed by aggressive agencies.
What to avoid
There are two main types of ingredient that may result in the deterioration of a Lambswool cardigan or wool sweater washed under incorrect conditions:
Sorry, but it gets a little technical from here on.
In addition to the normal surfactants, emulsifiers, perfumes etc contained in ordinary detergents, the so-called 'bio' detergents also include a small quantity of enzymes. These are protein digesting biological catalysts, and are effective at decomposing stains or soiling in which protinaceous material is the main constituent. Egg, blood, and most other food stains etc are all protein based and will be effectively removed by enzyme-containing detergents.
The problem is that like fur and hair, the histological structure of the fibre in Lambswool cardigans and sweaters is based on the polypeptide and disulphide linked protein Keratin. This can itself be affected by the biological components in some of these detergents. It is possible that enzymes may attack the cell membrane complex of the wool fibres, and lead to disintegration of the structure into its component cortical cells, this leads to a hole filled Lambswool garment.
Bleaches and Bleach Activators
In order to increase their apparent cleansing efficiency, some washing powders include bleaches or 'bleach activators'. These are usually of an oxidative nature, though can also be reductive. Again, because of Lambswool and wool's inherently natural characteristics, the fibre can be damaged by strong solutions in these bleach-containing powders.
More often than not, these types of washing powders will cause fading of colour to Lambswool cardigans and sweaters, even erosion of the fibre cuticle and a corresponding deterioration in resilience and strength.
What to use
Washing powders intended for use with natural fibres (Lambswool, wool cashmere, etc) will avoid the inclusion of strong bleaching and biological agents and these are therefore to be preferred for the washing of your favourite Lambswool cardigans and sweaters.
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