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- Xiangtan University, Online Postgraduate (Masters Degree) English Lesson Plans, Lesson Material and Ideas...
Speaking Lesson: Modern English: Internet
This lesson demonstrates how English can change, especially in the field of
Class discussion about technology, computers and the Internet.
The Internet is made up of computers all over the world that are connected
to each other. They are able to exchange information with each other. The
Internet is the word for the connection of computers, by using the Internet
we can use E-mail, Newsgroups and the World Wide Web among other services.
Many words associated with the Internet are new or used in a new way.
Basic Internet Vocabulary:
Modem - This is the
piece of the computer that connect to the phone line. If your computer
connects to a phone line we call this a dialup connection. Other
connections are LAN (Office connection - fast) or ADSL (high speed
World Wide Web - Pages
of information that can be accessed on a computer connected to the
Internet. the page might contain text, graphics, video or audio.
Web Site - A
collection of WWW pages (Written as "Web site", but now commonly
written as one word "Website".)
Browser - This is a
term used to describe a piece of software (program) that allows you to
view web pages. The most popular browser is Microsoft's "Internet
Click - To press the
button on a computer mouse.
Link / Links - On a
web page you have links, usually highlighted text and often a graphic,
that are connections between pages. When you click on a link, it takes you
to another page on the Web. We call these links hyperlinks / hypertext.
Clicking on links is one way to move (surf) around the web.
The World Wide Web is not exactly the same thing as the Internet. The
Internet describes the overall structure that allows sharing of computer
resources world wide. The Web is a part of this network and is, indeed,
probably the best known and most used part of the Internet. But the Internet
includes other systems for exchanging information, including FTP sites, chat
systems and USENET news groups etc.
Advanced Internet Vocabulary (A to Z):
Attachment - A file
sent with an email message.
Browser - The program
you run in order to view pages on the world-wide Web.
Dialup - Connecting to
the Internet over a telephone line, using a modem connected to your
DNS (Domain Name
System) - The mechanism for translating Internet names into the numeric
Domain Name - The part
of an Internet name unique to an organisation.
Transferring data from one computer or server to another computer.
E-Commerce - A way of
doing business (e.g., buying goods) electronically.
mail) - A way of sending messages electronically.
FTP (File Transfer
Protocol) - A way to transfer files across the Internet.
GIF (Graphic Image
Format) - A format for storing pictures on a computer.
Homepage - The main
page for a web site which usually contains links to other pages.
HTML (Hypertext Markup
Language) - The language used to create files for the internet.
Transport Protocol) - The first part of a web address.
Hyperlink - A text or
graphical link that allows the user to jump from one part of a Web page to
another part of the same page or to another page.
Intranet - Used on an
internal network within an organisation. With an intranet you could use a
Web server to publish information only available to your employees.
IP address - The
numeric address used to locate other computers on the Internet.
Services Digital Network) - A digital telephone line that allows a faster
connection to the Internet than a standard telephone line and modem.
ISP (Internet Service
Provider) - A company that provides access to the Internet.
Java - A programming
JPG / JPEG - (Joint
Photographic Experts Group) - A format for storing pictures on a computer.
Login - The process of
gaining access to a service by identifying yourself, often with a username
Modem - A device that
connects a computer to a telephone line.
MPEG (motion picture
experts group) - Moving pictures over the Internet.
Multimedia - The
material includes text, pictures, sound, computer programs, video,
anything you can think of that can be displayed on a computer screen or
broadcast through its speakers.
Netscape - A browser
for the World Wide Web. Similar to Internet Explorer.
Off-line - Not
connected to a network.
On-line - Connected to
Packet - On the
Internet, data (information) is broken up into small pieces, called
Pixels - the smallest
element (tiny dots) of an image or picture. The greater the number of
pixels the better the picture.
Plug-in - Sometimes a
web page will try to do something like display a video or audio file. A
plug-in is an application that works with the browser to allow you to
view, listen, or access these files. Some of the more popular plug-ins are
RealAudio, QuickTime and Shockwave.
Protocol - A protocol
is a set of rules for the exchange of data between computers or between a
terminal and a computer. Standard protocols allow different computers,
using completely different software, to interpret the data in the same
Search Engine -
Software that enables searching documents using the Internet. E.G..
Server - A main
computer which many computers connect to, the server stores information.
Surf - Another word
for using the internet.
Timeout - An action
that takes place after a certain time has elapsed. For example, your
dial-up connection may "timeout" by disconnecting if no activity
has taken place for some time.
Upload - to transfer
or move files from your computer to another computer connected to the
internet. Most commonly this refers to the act of moving files from your
computer to the server where your web site is located.
URL (Uniform Resource
Locator) - The unique address of a Web page.
Virus - A computer
program designed to reproduce itself sometimes to harm a computer.
Webmaster - The person
responsible for creating and managing a Web site.