Free Resources for Students and Teachers of English as a Foreign Language in China - by Paul Sparks

Read and write messages for me!

 About Me
 World News
 ICQ Chat
 Contact Me


Now Watch TV Online for free with my new site -

Click Here to return to the previous page


Paul Sparks, Sino-Canadian International College, Guangxi University, Nanning.

Lesson Plans for "Watch, Listen & Speak"



Review of Listening & Speaking Lessons for September 2003

Asking about Alternatives / Stating Preferences: We all have to make choices it is useful to know how to ask about the alternatives and state preferences.

  • Alternatives: If I can’t……, will it be possible to…..?

  • Preferences: I would rather….than…. / I prefer to….. because…..

Paraphrasing & Summarizing: Paraphrasing and summarizing are methods of removing unimportant information and only keeping important pieces of information.

  • Paraphrasing: What they’re really saying or meaning.

  • Summarizing: To shorten what they are saying (in your own words).

Direct and Subtle Speech:

  • Subtle Speech: This is considered polite speech and is generally used more than direct speech. We use subtle speech when we are making requests, when we wish to impress someone, or when the situation means that we should be polite.

  • Direct Speech: This is appropriate if you wish to demand something or if you wish to reinforce your point. Speak directly if you want to make your thoughts known clearly, but be cautious sometimes direct speech can offend people.

Clarification / Empathy: When you wish to make yourself understood better you clarify what you have said or you ask for clarification of what has been said.




Click Here to Return to Top of Page